Review: Representing Islam: Hip-Hop of the September 11 Generation

Author(s) Anders Ackfeldt
Contact Anders Ackfeldt, Lund University, Lund University Box 192, 221 00 Lund, Sweden. E-mail:
Issue CyberOrient, Vol. 15, Iss. 2, 2021, pp. 106-109
Published December 20, 2021
Type Book Review
Abstract The book Representing Islam: Hip-Hop of the September 11 Generation (2020) by Kamaludeen Mohmed Nasir explores the entangled relationship between Islam and hip-hop. The book centers around Muslim hip-hop artists affected by the war on terror and the long-term consequences of the 9/11 attacks; increased surveillance, a securitization of Islam, and an amplified islamophobia, not only in the United States but around the world. The centrality of 9/11 for this diverse group of young Muslim artists is reflected in the fact that references to the attacks have been staples in aural, visual, and textual modes and occur as t-shirt prints, in punch lines, and metaphors as well as on record covers and sound bites.
Keywords Islam, popular culture, music, hip-hop, globalization, youth culture